Daniel Goleman is best known for his books on Emotional Intelligence. His best selling work defined a set of skills and competencies that defines how people manage feelings, interact, and communicate on their way to success.
In his book Leadership: The Power of Emotional Intelligence, Goleman cites the leadership research of the consulting firm Hay/McBer that identified six distinct styles employed by leaders. The best leaders do no rely on a single leadership style but use multiple styles and are able to move between them seamlessly and in different measure depending on the situation and people.
He conveniently summarizes the six leadership styles and their application in a chart that I have reconstructed below.
|Leadership Style||The leader’s approach||In a phrase||Best used when…||Impact on Climate|
|Coercive||Demands immediate compliance||"Do what I tell you."||In a crisis to kick start a turnaround||Negative|
|Authoritative ||Mobilizes people toward a vision||"Come with me."||When changes require a new vision, or when a clear direction is needed||Most strongly positive|
|Affiliative ||Creates harmony and builds emotional bonds||"People come first."||To heal rifts in a team or to motivate people during stressful circumstances||Positive|
|Democratic ||Forges consensus through participation||“What do you think?”||To build buy in or consensus or to get input from valuable employees||Positive|
|Pacesetting||Sets high standards for performance||“Do as I do, now.”||To get quick results from a highly motivated and competent team||Negative|
|Coaching||Develops people for the future||“Try this.”||To help an employee improve performance or develop long-term strengths||Positive|
The Lead Quietly TakeawayMy takeaway from the article is that just like I have clubs in my golf bag that I avoid because I need more practice, there are leadership styles that require honing on my part to become the Phil Mickelson of the Leadership Tour. Are you able to move and adjust your style as needed?
Thanks for reading. Please lead quietly.